Vertue of teaching quran
It was narrated that ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affan said:
“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘The most excellent of you is the one who learns the Qur’an and teaches it.'”
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 212
* The test of a person’s excellence, in consideration with Allah lies in his good deeds although the general criterion in the world is to measure up the value and worth of a person by the yardstick of his wealth, his good looks and his status in the society, which is an incorrect criterion.
* Learning and teaching the Quran means learning and teaching the reading of the Quran along with its rules of recitation, articulation and intonation, as well as its meaning and interpretation. And since Hadith is but the explication of the Qur’an anyone who learns the science of Hadith and teaches it, is also included in that roll of honors.
* A person not following the teachings of the Qur’an has no share in that honor, as proved from other Hadees
It was narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari that:
The Prophet said: “The likeness of the believer who recites the Qur’an is that of a citron, the taste and smell of which are good. The likeness of a believer who does not read the Qur’an is that of a date, the taste of which is good but it has no smell. The likeness of a hypocrite who reads the Qur’an is that of a sweet basil, the smell of which is good but its taste is bitter. And the likeness of a hypocrite who does not read the Qur’an is that of a colocynth (bitter apple), the taste of which is bitter and it has no smell.'”
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 214
* Both reciting the Noble Quran and implementing its teaching are acts of great virtue, and are both required of all of us. Recitation being an outward quality has been likened to the sweet smell of the fruit.
Implementation, on the other hand, is an internal phenomenon, since it includes qualities like deep-rooted faith, sincerity of purpose, love and fear of Allah, as well as
righteousness of conduct and piety. As such it has been likened to the taste of the hit.
* Both faith and conduct of a hypocrite are sour, but his recitation of the Qur’an could be of benefit to others. That is the reason why he is likened to a flower whose sweet smell is sensed from afar, but its bad taste makes it
unfit to eat.
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:
“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah has His own people among mankind.’ They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, who are they?’ He said: ‘The people of the Qur’an, the people of Allah and those who are closest to Him.'”
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 215
* The term ‘people of the Qur’an means the reciters, the memorizers and the learners of the meaning of the Qur’an, in the light of the hadith of the Prophet pbuh, as well as those who apply the teachings of the Qur’an in their
daily lives, and also those who carry its message to others.
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:
“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Learn the Qur’an, recite it and go to bed, for the likeness of the Qur’an and the one who learns it and acts upon it is that of a sack filled with musk, which spreads its fragrance everywhere. And the likeness of one who learns it then goes to bed with it in his heart is that of a sack that is tied up from which no fragrance comes out.'”
Sunan ibn majah. Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 217
It was narrated that Nafi’ bin ‘Abdul-Harith met ‘Umar bin Khattab in ‘Usfan, when ‘Umar had appointed him as his governer in Makkah.:
Umar asked: “Whom have you appointed as your deputy over the people of the valley?” He said: “I have appointed Ibn Abza over them.” ‘Umar said: “Who is Ibn Abza?” Nafi’ said: “One of our freed slaves.” ‘Umar said: “Have you appointed a freed slave over them?” Nafi’ said: “He has great knowledge of the Book of Allah, is well versed in the rules of inheritance (Fara’id) and is a (good) judge.” ‘Umar said: “Did not your prophet say: ‘Allah raises some people (in status) because of this book and brings others low because of it?'”
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 218