Home Uncategorized Ruling on lost item

Ruling on lost item

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhni:

“A man asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about lost items. So he said: ‘Make a public announcement about it for one year. Remember its string, its contained, and its sack. Then use it, and if its owner comes then give it to him.’ So he said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What about the stray sheep?’ He said:’Take it, for it is either for you, your brother, or the wolf.’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What about stray camel?'” He said: “Then the Prophet (ﷺ) got angry until his cheeks became red or his face became red. He said: ‘What concern is it of yours? It has its feet and its water reserve until it reaches its owner.'”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1372

In-book : Book 15, Hadith 53
* If the lost property is able to be secured or preserved, like an animal or handsome amount of money, and there is ample chance of its spoilage or misuse if not picked up or taken in custody, in such circumstances, it can be picked up and kept in custody. Sincere efforts should be made to find the owner, and it should be announced for the period of one full year. After the search of one year, the money can be used by the person who found it, no matter whether he is rich or poor. If later on the owner of the property is found, it must be returned to him.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْحَنَفِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا الضَّحَّاكُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنِي سَالِمٌ أَبُو النَّضْرِ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سُئِلَ عَنِ اللُّقَطَةِ فَقَالَ ‏

‏ عَرِّفْهَا سَنَةً فَإِنِ اعْتُرِفَتْ فَأَدِّهَا وَإِلاَّ فَاعْرِفْ وِعَاءَهَا وَعِفَاصَهَا وَوِكَاءَهَا وَعَدَدَهَا ثُمَّ كُلْهَا فَإِذَا جَاءَ صَاحِبُهَا فَأَدِّهَا ‏”

‏ ‏‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ زَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ ‏‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ أَصَحُّ شَيْءٍ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ ‏‏

Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhni narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was asked about the lost item. He said:

“Make a public announcement about it for one year, if it is claimed then give it to him. Otherwise remember its sack, string, and its count. Then use it, and if its owner comes, give it to him.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1373

In-book : Book 15, Hadith 54
In the view of Imam Malik, the amount can be returned after the recognition and identification of the owner. According to Imam abu hanifah, if the  owner appears genuine, the amount should be returned to him and there is  no need to ask for his identification, but if there is a need then it may be   requested. Without any genuine reason having doubts is not correct. (Fat Al -Bari v. 5. p 98.)

حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْخَلاَّلُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، وَيَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ سُوَيْدِ بْنِ غَفَلَةَ، قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ زَيْدِ بْنِ صُوحَانَ وَسَلْمَانَ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ فَوَجَدْتُ سَوْطًا قَالَ ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ فَالْتَقَطْتُ سَوْطًا فَأَخَذْتُهُ قَالاَ دَعْهُ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ لاَ أَدَعُهُ تَأْكُلُهُ السِّبَاعُ لآخُذَنَّهُ فَلأَسْتَمْتِعَنَّ بِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَدِمْتُ عَلَى أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ فَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَحَدَّثْتُهُ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ أَحْسَنْتَ أَنَا وَجَدْتُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صُرَّةً فِيهَا مِائَةُ دِينَارٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ لِي ‏‏ عَرِّفْهَا حَوْلاً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَعَرَّفْتُهَا حَوْلاً فَمَا أَجِدُ مَنْ يَعْرِفُهَا ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ ‏”‏ عَرِّفْهَا حَوْلاً آخَرَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَعَرَّفْتُهَا ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ ‏”‏ عَرِّفْهَا حَوْلاً آخَرَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَحْصِ عِدَّتَهَا وَوِعَاءَهَا وَوِكَاءَهَا فَإِنْ جَاءَ طَالِبُهَا فَأَخْبَرَكَ بِعِدَّتِهَا وَوِعَائِهَا وَوِكَائِهَا فَادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْهِ وَإِلاَّ فَاسْتَمْتِعْ بِهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏”

Suwaid bin Ghafalah said:

“I went out with Zaid bin Suhan and Salman bin Rabi’ah, and found a whip.” In his narration Ibn Numair (one of the narrators) said: “I found a lost whip and took it. They said: ‘Leave it’. I said: ‘I will not leave it to be eaten by predators. I will take it to make use of it.’ So I met up with Ubayy bin Ka’b and asked him about that. So he narrated the Hadith, he said: ‘That is fine. I found a sack containing one hundred Dinar during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)’ He said: ‘So I brought it to him. He said to me: “Make a public announcement about it for one year.” So I announced it for a year but did not find anyone to claim it. Then I brought it to him. He said to me: “Make a public announcement about it for another year.” So I announced it for a year but did not find anyone to claim it. Then I brought it to him. He said: “Make a public announcement about if for another year.” And he said: “Remember its amount, its container and its string. If someone comes seeking it and informs you of its amount and its string, then give it to him, otherwise use it.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1374
In-book : Book 15, Hadith 55

*  Announcement of lost and found items is necessary up to one year. If the amount is reasonably valuable, then just for precautionary measures, the announcement to find the owner can be extended for more than one year