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One who introduces a good or evil practice

Hadith

It was narrated from Mundhir bin Jarir that his father said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever introduces a good practice that is followed, he will receive its reward and a reward equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in their slightest. And whoever introduces a bad practice that is followed, he will receive its sin and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest
.'”

Sahih (Darussalam
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 203
Hadith

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It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:

A man came to the Prophet, who encouraged the people to give charity to him. A man said: ‘I have such and such,’ and there was no one left in that gathering who did not give him something in charity, to a greater or lesser extent. The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever initiates a good practice that is followed, he will receive a perfect reward for that, and a reward equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever introduces a bad practice that is followed, he will receive the complete burden of sin for that, and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'”

Sahih (Darussalam)
Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 204
Hadith
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that:

The Messenger of Allah said: “Every caller who invites people to misguidance and is followed, will have a burden of sin equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest. And every caller who invites people to true guidance and is followed, will have a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest.'”

Hasan (Darussalam)

Sunan ibn majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 205
Introducing a good practice’ means that a need was being felt for an act of virtue but no one was practising it, or else introducing a good practice would mean reviving the implementation of a Sunnah that had since been abandoned, and when someone revived it, others also took to following it.
1-   It would also apply to the situation where one devises a new methodology for the promotion of a proven act of virtue. Declaring an action as good and  giving it currency in the society on the basis of one’s own subjective opinion
is a form of innovation (A bid’ah) which will attract retribution or punishment instead of recompense or reward from Allah
2-   ‘Introducing an evil practice’ means a situation where a man did an evil act which was now existent in the society. Then, tahg the cue from him, others also started doing the same. The Prophet has warned against it.
3-  People engaged in the work of Da’wa (calling people to the rightt path) must be on their guard lest they themselves start doing an act or inviting others to do something, on the basis of some weak or spurious Hadith, not proved fmm the sound sources. If they do so, not only will their entire labor go to waste but they shall also have to cany on their shoulders the burden of the sins of others who followed them in that act.
4-.  Crediting the reward or punishment for deeds done by a person to his account is an automatic operation, by the will of Allah, in which the puson concerned has no say either way. It is, therefore, meaningless to argue in support of the concept of the transference of the reward of one man’s actions to another. If such a philosophy of transference were accepted, then by the same token, the tranference of a person’s sins to others will also have to be accepted.

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