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Judgement by the people

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:”When the judge passes a judgement in which he strived and was correct, then he receives two rewards. And when he judges and is mistaken, then he receives one reward.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1326
In-book : Book 15, Hadith 6

This narration proves that a judge or a head of the state who has the qualities
and abilities of doing justice, and he tries to know and understand the issue,
and its inner intentions and details, and reaches the right decision, then he
gets a double reward from Allah; one for the right decision, and the other for
pains taken to reach the right decision. In this process, if in spite of all his
sincere efforts, and due to the complications of the issue, he does not reach
the right decision he still gets one reward. This reward is for his sincere
efforts to reach the truth.

Hadith ‏‏

[‘Abdullah] Ibn Abi Al-Awfa narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“[Indeed] Allah is with the judge as long as he is not unjust. So when he is unjust, He leaves him and he is attended by Shaitan.”

Hasan (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1330

In-book : Book 15, Hadith 10
Allah is with a head of state and a judge as long as he is not unjust, and he
uses his authority only for truth, justice and the welfare of the society. Allah’s
help and guidance remains with him as long as he follows the right path of
justice and honesty, but when he deviates from this path, Satan overcomes
him and leads him to injustice and oppression.
Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakrah narrated:”My father wrote to ‘Ubaidullah bin Abi Bakrah who was a judge: “Do not pass a judgement between two people while you are angry, for indeed I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: ‘The judge should not judge between two people while he is angry.'”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1334
In-book : Book 15, Hadith 14

This narration is the best guidance for the judges. They should not sit on the
seat of justice when they are in a state of anger. It is not possible for a person
to think rationally and reach the right decision in rage and anger, so the judge
should not resume his seat of justice until he is calm and rational


Abu Hurairah narrated:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) cursed the one who bribes and the one who takes a bribe for a judgement.”

Hasan (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1336
In-book : Book 15, Hadith 16

Umm Salamah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:”Indeed you come to me with your disputes, and I am only a human being, perhaps one of you is more eloquent at presenting his argument than the other. If I judge for one of you, giving him something from the rights of his brother, then it is only a piece of the Fire that I am giving him, so do not take anything from it.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1339

In-book : Book 15, Hadith 19


Alqamah bin Wa’il [bin Hujr] narrated from his father who said:

“A man from Hadramawt and a man from Kindah came to the Prophet (ﷺ). The Hadrami said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! This person took some land of mine.’ The Kindi said:’It is my land, It is in my possession, and he has no right to it.’ So the Prophet (ﷺ) said to the Hadrami:’Do you have proof?’ He said: ‘No.’ He said: ‘Then you will have the oath.’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! This man is a liar, it makes not difference what he takes an oath for, he is not ashamed of doing anything!’ He said: ‘There is nothing you deserve from him except that.’ He said: So the man was left to take an oath for it, and in the meantime, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘If he takes an oath [for your property] to wrongfully consume it, He will meet Allah while He is angry with him.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1340
In-book : Book 15, Hadith 20