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The concept of khutba or sermon before Friday Prayer

Assalam alaikum warahmatullahe wabarkatohu
Dear brothers and sisters,we see our imam in mosque to deliver khutba (sermon) on every Friday. But
  • What was sunnat of Prophet Muhammadﷺ
  • How he used to give khutba (sermon) on every Friday.
  • What is logic and reason behind giving sermon?

Sermon or khutba 🌙

Hadith.‏
Ibn ‘Umar said:

The Prophet (saws ) used to deliver two sermons. He would sit down when he ascended the pulpit till he (I think he meant the Muaz’zin)  finished.
He (saws) would then stand up and preach, then sit down and say nothing, then stand up and preach.

Sahih (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 1092


Hadith.‏

Jabir b. Samurah said:

The Messenger of Allah (saws) gave two sermons between which he (saws) sat, recited the Quran and gave the people an exhortation.

Hasan (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 1094
In-book : Book 2, Hadith 705

Delivering the Khutbah from the Minbar while standing is recommended. It is not permissible to do so sitting unless there is a reason to justify that. The  Messenger of Allah sat very briefly in between the two Khubah.

Hadith

Jabir b. Samurah said:

The prayer offered by the Messenger of Allah (saws) was moderate, and the sermon given by him was  moderate (too). He would recite a few verses from the Glorious Qur’an and exhort the people.

Hasan (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 1101
In-book : Book 2, Hadith 712

Conclusion 👇
The Messenger of Allah Muhammad ﷺ. Used to gave two sermons between which he (saws) sat, recited the Quran and gave the people an exhortation.
the sermon given by him was  moderate (too). He would recite a few verses from the Glorious Qur’an and exhort the people.
The basic purpose of sermon or khutba is to deliver and discuss current scenario , problem and solutions of community as a whole, and exhort people towards Righteousness with the help of Glorious Qur’an and teaching of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
So that people motivated and satisfaction come in their life, also social environment will be improved.

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