Home Purification Concept of taharah ( purification ) and its merit

Concept of taharah ( purification ) and its merit

The Arabic word Taharah literally means:
(i) to be cleansed of all filth, and
(ii) to be blameless in word and deed.
b. In the context of the Islamic law, Taharah means:
(i) to remove the impurity of Hadath Asghar (minor impurity caused by passing wind or urine, or relieving oneself) by making Wudu’ (ablution), and
(ii) to remove the impurity of Hadath Akbar (major impurity caused by sexual discharge) by making Ghusl (full bath).
Hadith
It was narrated that Abu Bakrah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah does not accept any Salat (prayer) without purification, and He does not accept any charity from Ghulul.
‘”

Sahih (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 274
Sunan ibn majah.  Book 1, Hadith 8

Hadith

It was narrated from Muhammed bin Al-Hanafiyyah that his father said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘The key to prayer is purification, its opening is to say ‘Allahu Akbar’ and its closing is to say As-salamu ‘alaikum
.'”

Hasan (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 275
Sunan ibn majah. Book 1, Hadith 9

a. Just as no lock is opened without a key, there is also no entering into prayer
without freedom from minor and major impurities. This shows that
cleanliness is a prerequisite for prayer.

Hadith
It was narrated from Abu Malik Ash’ari that:

The Messenger of Allah said: “Performing ablution properly is half of faith, saying Al-Hamdu Lillah fills the Scale (of good deeds), saying Subhan-Allah and Allahu Akbar fills the heavens and the earth, prayer is light, Zakat is proof, patience is brightness and the Qur’an is proof for you or against you. Every person goes out in the morning to sell his soul, so he either frees it or destroys it.'”

Sahih (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 280
Sunan ibn majah.  Book 1, Hadith 14

Hadith
‏ ‏‏

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘When anyone of you performs ablution and does it well, then he comes to the mosque for no other purpose than prayer, he does not take one step but Allah will raise him one degree (in status) thereby, and remove one sin from him thereby, until he enters the mosque.'”

Sahih (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 281
Sunan ibn majah  Book 1, Hadith 15


Hadith
‏ ‏‏

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah As-Sunabihi that:

The Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever performs ablution and rinses his mouth and nose, his sins will exit through his mouth and nose. When he washes his face, his sins will exit from his face, even from beneath his eyelids. When he washes his hands, his sins will exit from his hands. When he wipes his head, his sins will exit from his head, and even from his ears. When he washes his feet, his sins will exit from his feet, even from beneath his toenails. Then his prayer and walking towards the mosque will earn extra merit for him.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 282
Arabic : Book 1, Hadith 16
a. The exiting of the sins means the forgiving of sins by Allah
b. Sins forgiven through ablution axe generally the minor sins. Major sins are forgiven through sincere repentance, or else Allah in His infinite mercy may pardon them. However, in case the sins had a bearing on the rights of  others, their forgiveness depends upon remedying those grievances, or on being pardoned by the aggrieved party or parties.

Hadith
Abdullah bin Mas’ud said:

“It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, how will you recognize those whom you have not seen of your Ummah?’ He said: ‘From the blazes of their foreheads and feet, like horses with black and white traces (which make them distinct from others) which are the traces of ablution.'”

Hasan (Darussalam)

English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 284
Sunan ibn majah  Book 1, Hadith 18
a. This shows the excellence of the followers of the Prophet  since their
distinguishing mark would be a blazing light on their parts of the body washed in ablution.
b. The blaze of light on the parts of body would be generated by the performance of ablution. It means that the Muslims neglecting their prayer shall be deprived of this blessed glow, so they would be indistinguishable from non-Muslims. There can be no greater misfortune for a person calling himself a Muslim, that the Prophet pbuh refuses to recognize him as such.

 

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