Home Roza or fasting of ramzan ( Ramdhan) Can a person fast in case of doubt of starting of Ramadan

Can a person fast in case of doubt of starting of Ramadan

 Can a person fast if there is dought about starting of Ramzan, what islam teaches about it
Let us know about that in the light of authentic teaching of Prophet Mohammed ﷺ

Fast or not 🤔

Hadith
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

“Do not anticipate Ramadan by fasting one or two days before, except for a man who has a habitual pattern of ( voluntary )fasting, in which case let him fast.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Sunan ibn majah  Hadith 1650
Book 7, Hadith 13

One form of prohibited fasting is one day before the beginning of Ramadan, and it is on a day of doubt, whether it is the 30th  of Sha’ban or the first  of Ramadan; because, Islamically, the appearance of the new crescent has not been confinned by a witness. It is forbidden to observe fast on this day with the intention that if it is proven later to be the first of Ramadan then it will count towards the fasting of Ramazan otherwise it will be considered a voluntary fast.
Another form of fasting a day before Ramadan is that one observes fast despite the certainty that Ramzan has yet not begun thus obligatory and non-obligatory combined together which is impermissible. Moreover this action apparently is like an addition into the obligatory worships

Hadith

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the  Allah’s Messenger (saws) said:

“When it is the middle of Sha’ban, do not fast until Ramadan comes ( or start).

Sahih (Darussalam)

Sunan ibn majah.   Hadith 1651
Book 7, Hadith 14
Conclusion 👇
A previously mentioned Hadith indicates the permission of observing some fasts before Ramadan. This Hadith explains the situation that when Ramadan is near, avoiding the voluntary fasts is better, so that the voluntary and obligatory fasts remain distinguished; lest one should get so weak that fasts of Ramadan are disrupted

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