Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakatuhu dear brothers and sisters we hear about breastfeeding and foster relationship, in our day to day life.
so let us know what is the Islamic aspect about breastfeeding and foster relationship in the light of glorious Quran and authentic teaching of Prophet Mohammed pbuh.
Mothers (should) suckle their children for two full years, for one who wants to complete the (period of) suckling. It is the obligation of the one to whom the child belongs that he provides food and clothing for them (the mothers) with fairness.
Nobody is obligated beyond his capacity. No mother shall be made to suffer on account of her child, nor the man to whom the child belongs, on account of his child.
Likewise responsibility (of suckling) lies on the (one who may become an) heir (of the child). Now, if they want to wean, with mutual consent and consultation, there is no sin on them.
And If you want to get your children suckled (by a wet-nurse), there is no sin on you when you pay off what you are to give with fairness, and fear Allah, and be assured that Allah is watchful of what you do.
Dear brother and sister as we know that a newborn baby is depend only feeding milk or simply say breastfeeding, any other food is not suitable for the newborn baby
“In the above verse of glorious Quran Almighty Allah says Mothers (should) suckle their children for two full years, for one who wants to complete the (period of) suckling.”
Islam give complete freedom to the parents that the mother can suckle her child or they can arrange any other lady for breastfeeding to their child and they should provide compensation to that lady
And the time period of breastfeeding is maximum 2 year and if they want they can reduce that period.
- The likeness of foster relationship
Aflah asked the permission to visit me but I did not allow him. He said, “Do you veil yourself before me although I am your uncle?”
`Aisha said, “How is that?” Aflah replied, “You were suckled by my brother’s wife with my brother’s milk.”
I asked Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) about it, and he said, “Aflah is right, so permit him to visit you.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 2644
In-book : Book 52, Hadith 8
* From the above hadith it is clear that a person who is Muharam on account of foster relationship there is no Veil for the girls or woman
Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said about Hamza’s daughter,
“I am not legally permitted to marry her, as foster relations are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs). She is the daughter of my foster brother.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 2645
In-book : Book 52, Hadith 9
Narrated `Amra bint `Abdur-Rahman:
That `Aisha the wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) told her uncle that once, while the Prophet (ﷺ) was in her house, she heard a man asking Hafsa’s permission to enter her house.
`Aisha said, “I said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! I think the man is Hafsa’s foster uncle.’ ” `Aisha added, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! There is a man asking the permission to enter your house.”
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) replied, “I think the man is Hafsa’s foster uncle.” `Aisha said, “If so-and-so were living (i.e. her foster uncle) would he be allowed to visit me?” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes, he would, as
the foster relations are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs).
Sahih al-Bukhari 2646
In-book : Book 52, Hadith 10
it is clear by the above hadees that Foster relationship is act as an blood relationship
and due to this reason a girl and a boy can’t marry with each other if they have Foster relationship
How it may established
“Abd Allaah bin Mas’ud said “Fosterage is not valid except by what strengthens love and grows flesh.” Abu Musa said “Do not ask us so long as this learned man is among us”
Sunan Abi Dawud 2059
In-book : Book 12, Hadith 14
From the above mentioned it is it is clear that Foster relationship will be established only when a lady breastfeeding child which satisfy child’s hunger. Aur which fill his stomach.
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