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Tashhud and Attahiyat

Do you know,

  • what is tashhud?
  • how we should sit during tashhud?
  • What is attahiyat,?
  • How it was started?
  • How we should read it ?


Tashhud is position of sitting after two prostrations after every two reka’t


Attahiyat is a type of supplication which we used to say during tashhud
We also read darood and then any another dua during same position of tashhud

How to sit for tashhud 👇

The description of the tashhud (meaning) sitting during the prayer) and how the hands are to be placed on the thighs

Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father:

When the Messenger of Allah (Muhammed ﷺ) sat in prayer. he (Prophet pbuh) placed the left foot between his thigh and shank and stretched the right foot and placed his left hand on his left knee and placed his right hand on his right thigh, and raised his  finger (menaing forefinger).

Reference : Sahih Muslim 1307

Hazrat ‘Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father that when the Messenger of Allah (Muhammed ﷺ) sat for supplication, i. e. tashahhud (blessing and supplication), he (Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) placed his right hand on his right thigh and his left hand on his left thigh, and pointed with his forefinger, and placed his thumb on his (milddle) finger, and covered his knee with the palm of his left hand.
Reference : Sahih Muslim 1308

What is attahiyat and how it start
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Mas`ud said:
“When we sat during the prayer with the Allah’ Massanger ( prophet Muhammed ﷺ), we used to say: ‘Peace (salam) be upon Allah(SWT), peace be upon so-and-so and so-and-so.’ The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Do not say peace (salam) be upon Allah (SWT), for Allah (SWT) is As-Salam (the Source of peace; the One free from all faults).
Rather say:
التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَإِنَّكُمْ إِذَا قُلْتُمْ ذَلِكَ أَصَابَتْ كُلَّ عَبْدٍ صَالِحٍ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
At-tahiyyatu lillahi wasalawatu wat-tayibaat,
as-salamu ‘alaika ayah-Nabiyyu wa rahmatAllahi wa baraktuhu.
As-salamu ‘alaina a ‘ala ibad illahis-salihin
(All compliments, prayers and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah.)
If you say that, it will be for every righteous slave in the heavens and on earth,
ashadu an la ilaha ill Allah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluhu
(I bear witness that that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger.) Then let him choose any supplication that he likes to say after that.'”
Sahih (Darussalam)
 : Sunan an-Nasa’i 1299