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A good and bad muslim

Hadith.‏”

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “The Muslim is the one from (the harm of) whose tongue and hand (other) Muslims are safe, and the believer is the one with whom the people trust their blood and their wealth.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2627

In-book : Book 40, Hadith 22
Hadith
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari:that the Prophet (ﷺ) was asked: “Which of the Muslims is most virtuous?” He said: “The one from (the harm of) whose tongue and hand (other) Muslims are safe.”Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2628
In-book : Book 40, Hadith 23

An adjective made of the root of the verb is a proof that the person had this adjective, name or title, because of performing the act of the verb; i.e., only that person has the right to be called a Muslim if other Muslims are safe from his tongue and hand. The tongue and hand are named exceptionally because
the troubles and harms are mostly relevant to these two, and the believer is one above that, since it is not everyone that feels safe from his tongue and hand, that they trust.
Hadith
Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “A Muslim’s fighting his brother is disbelief, and verbally abusing him is disobedience.”Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2634
In-book : Book 40, Hadith 29

Hadith

Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:

that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Verbally abusing a Muslim is disobedience and fighting him is disbelief.”

Sahih (Darussalam)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2635
In-book : Book 40, Hadith 30

Even fighting with a Muslim is disbelief, but not such a disbelief that ousts one from the fold of Islam; Muslims’ fighting with each other is against Islam and iman and it is an act of disbelief. Therefore avoiding it is an essential demand of iman.

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